Jawa Hinterland
The surprising discovery of two hillfort sites in the basalt desert in north-eastern Jordan, dating into the Early Bronze Age, proves that despite of the arid conditions of today this region was not only used on a seasonal base but also occupied permanently. This discovery was the motive for a continuation of the archaeological investigations of the German Archaeological Institute in the Northern Badia, which have been carried out here since 2010, with the new project “The colonization of the Northern Badia (NE-Jordan) in the Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (4th to 3rd millennium BC): a contribution to archaeological settlement geography in the arid regions of Southwest Asia” (DFG MU-3075/3-1).

The colonization of the Northern Badia (NE-Jordan) in the Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (4th to 3rd millennium BC): a contribution to archaeological settlement geography in the arid regions of Southwest Asia

From 2010 until 2014 the German Archaeological Institute carried out several surveys in the Northern Badia within the project “Arid habitats in the 5th to the early 3rd millennium B.C.: mobile subsistence, communication and key resource use in the Northern Badia (NE-Jordan)”, which was funded by the German Research Foundation (DFG MU 3075/1-1 und 1-2).
One of the most surprising results of this project was the discovery of two hillfort sites, dating into the 4th millennium BC in the basalt desert, which is a part of the Northern Badia. Due to the current arid conditions in this region it was initially expected that the basalt desert could only be used on a regional base during the wet season in winter and spring. This assumption has to be revised, and it can therefore be expected that it was possible at least at the beginning of the Early Bronze Age to establish permanently occupied settlements on specific sites.
This discovery led to the launch of the new research project “The colonization of the Northern Badia (NE-Jordan) in the Late Chalcolithic and Early Bronze Age (4th to 3rd millennium BC): a contribution to archaeological settlement geography in the arid regions of Southwest Asia”, which started in 2015 and is again funded by the German Research Foundation. It is a project that focuses exclusively on the exploration of the Late Chalcolithic / Early Bronze Age settlement activities in the hinterland of Jawa.

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Contact

Bernd Müller-Neuhof
Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter
Orient-Abteilung
Podbielskiallee 69-71
14195 Berlin
Deutschland
 
+49 (0)30 55235761

Managing Department

Project Funding

Project Partners

  • Aerial Photographic Archive for Archaeology in the Middle East APAAME