Die "Römischen Mitteilungen" des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts sind eine jährlich erscheinende Zeitschrift mit anonymem Begutachtungsverfahren (Peer-Review). In der Nachfolge des ›Bullettino dell'lnstituto di Corrispondenza Archeologica‹ fördern sie seit 1829 den internationalen wissenschaftlichen Austausch in den Bereichen Archäologie, Kunst und Architektur Italiens und angrenzender Gebiete. Die Zeitschrift versteht sich als Plattform für die Vorstellung und Diskussion der materiellen Kultur von der prähistorischen Zeit bis ins Frühmittelalter, mit traditionell besonderem Schwerpunkt auf der klassischen Antike.
Übersichtliche Manuskripte auf Deutsch, Englisch, Italienisch und Französisch, von Einzelstudien bis zu Grabungsberichten, sind in den ›Römischen Mitteilungen‹ herzlich willkommen. Manuskripte können jederzeit eingereicht werden. Zur Gewährleistung eines hohen Qualitätsstandards in Text und Bild müssen die Richtlinien des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts berücksichtigt werden.
Hansgeorg Bankel, Hochschule München
Franz Alto Bauer, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Fathi Béjaoui, Institut National du Patrimoine, Tunis
Nacéra Benseddik, École Supérieure des Beaux-Arts, Alger
Martin Bentz, Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität Bonn
Sebastian Brather, Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg
Johanna Fabricius, Freie Universität Berlin
Elizabeth Fentress, Rom
Carlo Gasparri, Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Elaine Gazda, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
Pier Giovanni Guzzo, Rom
Rudolf Haensch, Kommission für Alte Geschichte und Epigraphik des DAI, München
Lothar Haselberger, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia
Tonio Hölscher, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Valentin Kockel, Universität Augsburg
Paolo Liverani, Università degli Studi di Firenze
Michael Mackensen, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
Alessandro Naso, ISMA-CNR, Rom/Università degli Studi di Napoli Federico II
Stefan Ritter, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München
John Scheid, Collège de France, Paris
R.R.R. Smith, University of Oxford
Christian Witschel, Ruprecht-Karls-Universität Heidelberg
Fausto Zevi, Rom
Richtlinien für Autoren
Manuskripte können nach Rücksprache jederzeit bei der Redaktion der Abteilung Rom eingereicht werden. Die Beiträge sind für die Begutachtung grundsätzlich druckfertig gemäß den Publikationsrichtlinien einzureichen. Näheres zur verbindlichen Form der Beiträge für die Römischen Mitteilungen ist den Hinweisen für Autoren (DE / EN / IT) zu entnehmen. Alle eingereichten Beiträge werden einem anonymen, externen Peer-Review unterzogen und gelten erst nach positiver Begutachtung als zum Druck angenommen. Die Römischen Mitteilungen erscheinen jährlich im Dezember.
Römische Mitteilungen 122, 2016
428 Seiten mit 312 Abbildungen und 2 Beilagen
Luca Giuliani – Maria Luisa Catoni
Myron und die Kunst des Diskuswerfens (S. 13–44)
Abstract: In our analysis of Myron's Discobolus, we first reconstruct the ancient technique of discus throwing as depicted by the statue; we argue that this technique was based on a rotation movement similar to the one (re)discovered in 1897 by Gustav Söderström. Second, we relate Myron's statue to contemporary theories of movement like those elaborated by philosophers such as Zeno or Aristotle. On this basis, we argue that the Discobolus should be understood as an original contribution to a broader discourse on the essence of movement and time. Third and finally, we consider a hypothetical scenario: a film of an ancient athlete throwing a discus. We argue that no frame in such a film would match the statue; Myron's Discobolus is not the equivalent of a film still. Rather, the shape given to the statue results from a complex formal transformation. However, we cannot appreciate the Discobolus' quality unless we compare it to the actual téchne as put into practice by living athletes.
Keywords: Greek sculpture, ancient athletics, representation of movement, movement and time
Das ‚Asklepieion‘ von Poseidonia/Paestum und die frühhellenistische Bankettarchitektur (S. 45–76)
Abstract: Recent publications have identified the late fourth-century peristyle building in the southern sanctuary of Poseidonia as a sanctuary of Asclepios. This interpretation is founded only on hypothetical assumptions. As an analysis of the building's architectural remains demonstrates, the structure instead should be classed among a group of early Hellenistic banquet buildings featuring spacious dining halls, like the so-called gymnasium at Epidaurus or a similar building at Troezen in the Peloponnese. Based on this new interpretation, the article investigates the reasons for the development of large dining halls in the late fourth century BC, as well as the abrupt disappearance of this building type over the following century. The article concludes by considering the building's local context.
Keywords: Poseidonia, Paestum, Asclepieion, banquet building, dining facilities, early Hellenistic era
Alessandra Avagliano – Christiane Nowak
Benevento in età repubblicana. Scultura e decorazione architettonica (S. 77–122)
Abstract: Many books and articles have discussed the reception and employment of Greco-Hellenistic forms in sculpture and architectural ornament in Rome and Lazio beginning in the early second century BC. Generally, scholars have believed that Rome was a key driving force behind the spread of Hellenistic forms in Italy. On the basis of previously unpublished sculptures and architectural ornament from republican Benevento, this paper reconsiders this belief, asking whether we should also consider independent processes of reception by the local elites of Italic cities such as Benevento. Although the available archaeological material consists exclusively of ancient spoils removed from their original context and repurposed in the medieval town of Benevento, we show that it is possible to demonstrate an ambitious program to redesign the city at the turn of the second to first century BC, using elaborate Hellenistic forms.
Keywords: Campania, Hirpinia, Hellenistic art and architecture, Roman sculpture, Republican Italy
Gli scavi di Giuseppe Gatti per la costruzione del Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali in piazza Venezia a Roma (S. 123–170)
Abstract: This study was carried out as part of the "Radici del Presente" project. "Radici del Presente" is a museum that collects findings from the excavations made by Giuseppe Gatti in 1902–1904 at the site of the future Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali in Rome's Piazza Venezia. After its creation, the museum began systematically collecting the original excavation documents. The discovery of a number of unpublished documents made it possible to closely examine the structures that have been built in the area and to identify the different settlement phases affecting the site between the first century BC and the fifth century AD. This study focused, in particular, on the settlement dynamics of the block, aiming to yield insight into the following aspects: the arrangement of an extended public area that can be traced to the pre-Trajan age, the construction of a residential complex in the age of Hadrian formed by a domus and an insula, and the function of some rooms belonging to a public building recently discovered at Piazza della Madonna di Loreto and acknowledged as the Athenaeum.
Keywords: Palazzo delle Assicurazioni Generali, Piazza Venezia, Giuseppe Gatti, Auditorium, Athenaeum
Indagini archeologiche a Palazzo Valentini. Nuovi dati per la ricostruzione del tempio di Traiano e Plotina divi (S. 171–202)
Abstract: Recent excavations carried out in the cellars on the south side of Palazzo Valentini have revealed structures dating from the early Hadrianic Era, which belong to the staircase and podium of a temple lying to the north of the court of Trajan's Column. Presumably, this structure is the Temple of Trajan and Plotina divi. A large foundation made of strong conglomerate, and a system of buttresses and barrel vaults linked on the northern side to underground rooms covered by cross vaults that was investigated in 2005, suggest that the temple was a very large building with an octastyle front. The most distinguishing architectural elements that can be related to the temple are huge gray granite monolithic columns discovered in the area around Palazzo Valentini in the sixteenth century. The area, where some relics of the previous urbanization are still to be found, was arranged in Hadrian's time on its own level, which presumably corresponds to the square of Trajan's Forum and the so-called Athenaeum.
Keywords: Piazza Venezia, Palazzo Valentini, Temple of Trajan and Plotina divi, podium, column, vault, staircase
Statuen kniefälliger Orientalen aus Rom und ein Dreifuß im Olympieion von Athen (S. 203–252)
Abstract: This paper discusses a series of pavonazzetto statues of kneeling Easterners from Rome. Three statues from this series were known previously: two in Naples and one in Copenhagen. They have typically been interpreted as depictions of Parthians, and reconstructed as a victory monument dedicated by Augustus or for him, either on the Palatine or in the Gardens of Sallust. This reconstruction relies, in large part, on Pausanias' description of a tripod in the Olympieion at Athens. After briefly summarizing the history of research into the subject, this paper's purpose is to publish new fragments of kneeling Easterners from the same series found in the basement of San Teodoro in Rome. This new evidence challenges the previous reconstruction of the statues as part of a tripod. Instead, they belonged to a series of at least five statues (but probably far more), and were part of a larger architectural program. It is unclear where the associated building stood, or whether the statues represented Parthians specifically, or "Easterners" more generally. Still, the new fragments can likely be assigned to an elaborate imperial facade – an architectural type rooted in Hellenistic tradition. Although such facades are described in ancient literature, they are rare in the archaeological record.
Keywords: Easterners, topography of Rome, facade architecture, Olympieion of Athens, pavonazzetto
Marmora Tyndaritana. Contributo allo studio della decorazione architettonica di Tindari in età imperiale (S. 253–284)
Abstract: Due to a lack of epigraphic and literary sources, our knowledge about the architecture of the ancient city of Tyndaris during the imperial age is limited. Although we lack any archaeological context, fragments of architectural decoration are currently the only data dating back to the imperial age that attest to a public monumental arrangement of the city. By studying these ornamental fragments, it is possible to conjecture that the city experienced a first monumental phase during the early imperial age. The building referred to as the Basilica could be chronologically connected to this phase. For later centuries, evidence is scarce. Only the presence of capitals or cornices between the second and third centuries AD allows us to argue for the existence of monumental buildings.
Keywords: Sicily, Tyndaris, architecture, architectural decoration, imperial age
Brunnen und Nymphäen im Stadion und in der Domus Severiana auf dem Palatin (S.285–330)
Abstract: This paper analyzes the significance of the fountains and nymphaea in the southeastern section of the Palatine, singling them out as fundamental elements for understanding the character of the palace. The study newly identifies a stibadium and a nymphaeum chamber, the latter representing an unexplored type of Roman room. The research conducted here on two semicircular basins in the Stadium also proves, for the first time, that the basins were constructed under Hadrian. In comparison with Roman villas, the nymphaea conform to the common repertoire of Roman architecture. The fountains in the palace evince nearly identical basic shapes as those found at the Villa Hadriana, although the palace fountains are generally lacking luxurious material, monumental dimensions, or vast amounts of water.
Keywords: Roman fountains, nymphaea, Palatine, imperial palace, representative architecture, water supply
Andrea Schmölder-Veit – Felix Henke – Laura Thiemann – Frank Schlütter – Marie D. Jackson
Hydraulische Mörtel. Interdisziplinäres Projekt zu Wasseranlagen auf dem Palatin (S. 331–366)
Abstract: Hydraulic mortars sampled from fountains and a cistern in the Stadium and the Domus Severiana have been analyzed using a range of scientific methods, including polarized light microscopy, XRD, DTA and sieve analysis. The results reveal that until at least the third century AD, it was common to employ low-fired, crushed ceramics, possible waste materials from imperial brickyards, and Pozzolane Rosse volcanic sands quarried near Rome, to develop the hydraulic structure of the mortars. The great homogeneity of the materials attests to how little mortar technology changed in the Palatine water installations over the centuries. Because of this homogeneity, and only partial correlations between microscopically established groupings and archaeological categories, it is impossible to draw reliable conclusions about the chronological succession of the mortars.
Keywords: Hydraulic mortar, Palatine, imperial palace, Roman architecture, construction techniques, Roman engineering, fountain
Note sulla basilica cristiana di Pianabella a Ostia (S. 367–386)
Abstract: This paper aims to present some reflections on the use of the Christian basilica of Pianabella (Ostia) in Late Antiquity. In particular, the paper focuses on the use of the building for funerary purposes and the organization of the basilica's tomb spaces. Furthermore, it reconsiders the issue of the basilica's dedication in the context of the local hagiography.
Keywords: Funerary basilica, tombs, cult of the martyrs
Una statua dalle molte vite. Biografie di un Menandro ‘romano' inedito in una collezione privata genovese (S. 387–418)
Abstract: Adopting the object-biographical approach, this paper discusses a previously unpublished statue from a private collection in Genoa. The statue is a modern (seventeenth- to eighteenth-century) pastiche assembled from two ancient sculptures: the head is a second-century AD replica of the well-known portrait of Menander, while the body is a fragment of a naked statue of an athlete. It is possible, the paper argues, to relate the peculiar arrangement of the statue to the modern interpretation of the portrait of Menander as Pompey and to identify the statue as a ‘lost' Menander portrait sold in Rome by the antique dealer Jandolo.
Keywords: Menander, Pompey, Roman sculpture, modern restorations, portraits, object biography
Veranstaltungen 2016 (S. 419–428)